Lesson Plan

Heather Bridges
Fire Safety

Student Population:  Advanced ESL class.  Various ages and ethnic backgrounds. 

Instructor Objectives:

  • Students will generate an evacuation plan for their household
  • Students will take precautions against home fires such as installing fire alarms and fire extinguishers

Student Objectives:

  • Research various fire safety websites and compile a bibliography (three to four sources) of those sites
  • Write down your current plan for responding to a fire including the equipment in your home and what you can do to improve your plan. 
  • Orally report to the class your plans for improvement
  • Create a written evacuation plan for the members of your household
  • Roleplay a 911 call with various other students in the class
  • Write before and after reflections on the importance of having a prevention and evacuation plan for your household.


            In the United States, school curriculum involves lessons on fire safety, but in other countries students may not get formal education on what to do in the event of a fire. This lesson is meant to inform and empower learners.  They will understand how to prepare and respond to a fire in their home.  In learning to do so, they will use various technologies and create a meaningful plan.

Academic Skills: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking.

Content and Materials, Sites, Games, Activity:

         Two online articles which offers tips on leaving your home safely if it is on fire:



         Group discussion on the importance of having a plan for a fire and what that plan should entail.

         Group discussion on what fire hazards are and considering whether they have fire hazards in their own homes. 

         Recorded 911 calls from past fire emergencies

         Drawing of three different rooms that have several fire safety hazards.

         Smoke alarm

         Examples of fire evacuation plans

Instructional Procedures

    Students will write a reflection on what they currently know about fire safety and consider how important fire safety is.

    Students will review articles which outline how to get out of a fire safely and how to make your home safe against fires.

     Students will watch a demonstration given by local volunteer firefighters on how to install batteries in a fire alarm and engage in a discussion with the firefighters on the most effective places to install fire alarms and the best ways to ensure they are functioning properly. 

     Students will purchase the most suitable and  correct number of fire alarms for their homes, bring those fire alarms into class and install the batteries.  

     Students will review sample evacuation plans for escaping a home that is on fire.

      Students will listen to 911 calls that have been placed by home-fire victims.

      Students will role play 911 calls.

      Students will generate their own evacuation and precaution plans.

      Students will write a second reflection on the importance of fire safety.


     Students will write two reflections on their knowledge of fire safety, one before the lesson, and one after.  There should be a measurable difference.

     Students will design an evacuation and precaution plan for their homes.  These plans should reflect the knowledge gained from the lesson on fire safety. 

Small Group Work

     Students will get into groups of three and exchange evacuation plans.  They will make suggestions and comments to each other.

     Students will get into pairs and practice assembling and disassembling various smoke alarms.

 Plan Bs

 If my students didnít seem to be learning from the verbal approach such as guest speakers, I might give them more materials to reflect on individually.

 If they didnít like the recorded 911 calls or the role-playing, I might give them written scripts. 

© Four Corners Professional Development Resource Center, 2000
CDE Adult Education and Family Literacy, Center for At-Risk Education (CARE)